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时间:2023-03-15 23:19 点击次数:
  本文摘要:新人教版八年级英语下册各知识点归纳总结Unti1 what’s the matter?短语归纳1.too much 太多2.lie down 躺下3.get an X-ray 做个X光检查4.take one ’s temperature 量体温5.put some medicine on ......在....上敷药 6.have a fever 发烧7.take breaks /take a break 休息8.without thinking twice 没多想9.g


新人教版八年级英语下册各知识点归纳总结Unti1 what’s the matter?短语归纳1.too much 太多2.lie down 躺下3.get an X-ray 做个X光检查4.take one ’s temperature 量体温5.put some medicine on ......在....上敷药 6.have a fever 发烧7.take breaks /take a break 休息8.without thinking twice 没多想9.get off 下车10.take sb to the hospital 送某人去医院11.wait for等候12.to one’s surprise 使.......惊讶的thanks to多亏于;由于14.in time实时15.think about 思量16.have a heart problem患有心脏病17.get into the trouble 遇到贫苦18.do the right thing做正确的事情事情19.fall down 摔倒20.put ...... on sth把...放在某物上21.get hit/sunburned 摔伤/烧伤22.be interested in 对.....感兴趣23.be used to 习惯于....24.take risks/take a risk 挑战25.lose one’s life 失去生命 !26.because of 因为27.run out of 用完28.cut off 切除29.get out of 从...出来30.make a decision/decisions 做决议31.be in control of 掌管;治理32.give up 放弃用法归纳1.need to do sth .需要去做某事2.see sb doing sth 瞥见某人正在做某事3.ask sb sth 询问某人某事4.expect sb to do sth 期望某人做某事5.agree to do sth 想要做某事6.help sb (to) do sth 资助某人做某事7.want to do sth 想要做某事8.tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事9.have problems(in) doing sth 做某事有难题 10.use sth to do sth用某物去做某事11.be/get used to doing sth 习惯于做某事 12.seem to do sth 似乎做某事13.keep on doing sth 继续做某事14.mind doing sth 介意做某事语法点:1.询问某人的康健问题及遇到贫苦的表达方法2.情态动词should的用法表现劝告与建议,也表义务与责任第一人称问句中,征询建议要记清3.不定代词的用法重点句型解读:1. What’s the matter (with you)? 怎么了?出什么事了?What’s the trouble/ the problem / wrong with sb./ sth.?2. I had a cold.我伤风了。have a cold=catch a cold=have the flu 伤风have a fever 发烧have a cough咳嗽have a stomachache胃疼,肚子疼have a toothache牙疼have a headache头疼3. 身体部位+ache(疼痛)组成新的复合词stomach+ache=stomachache head+ache=headache tooth+ache=toothache back+ache=backache后背痛4. much too+ 词,意为 ,too much+ 词,意为。

5. enough【形容、副词】足够的/地,enough放在名前后,形副后。good enough足够好,enough money=money money6. lie down躺下, lie 躺,躺着,已往式lay;lie说谎,已往式lied7. maybe “或许”,常用于句首,表现可能性,后加句子。Maybe you are right.may be,是情态动词+be的结构,意为“可能,也许”,后加名词、代词或形容词。

He may be angry.8. sound like+名词代词和从句:It sounds like you don’t know the truth. It sounds like a good idea.sound+形容词,“听起来,似乎”,The music sounds nice.9. need 需要,实义动词need+名词,需要某物;need to do sth.需要做某事,主语通常是人,表现人主动的行动:You need to listen carefully during class.need doing sth.主语通常是物,表现被动的行动:Your dirty clothes need washing.10. get off (the bus) 下(公交车) get on 上车11. agree 同意,赞同;同意做某事 ,同意某人的看法、看法。12. trouble问题,贫苦 ;be in trouble ,make trouble ,have trouble (in) doing sth.=have difficulties (in) doing sth。13. right away=right now=at once,意为。

14.【温习】 advice [不行数名词]劝告,建议,向…征求意见 ,give sb. advice on sth.就某事给某人建议; advise [动词]advise sb. to do sth.advise sb. doing sth .15. 【温习】exercise 动词意为 ,可数时意为 ,不行数时意为。16. hurt 及物动词,使……疼痛,……受伤,He hurt his leg while exercising.不及物动词,……(部位)疼。His leg hurt badly.17. clean 【动词】 ,clean the classroom ,【形容词】 ,cleaner意为。18. hit (用手或器具)打;击打The boy hit the dog with a stone.hit sb. on the head/ nose/ back打某人的头、鼻子、后背,on用在所打较硬的部位;hit sb. in the face/ eye/ stomach 打某人的脸、眼睛、肚子,in用在所打较软的部位。

19. be used to sth./ doing sth.习惯于、适应了……、做某事,强调状态;His grandpa was used to country life.Mary is not used to getting up early in the morning.get/ become used to sth./ doing sth. “变得习惯,逐渐适应……”强调历程、行动:It’s difficult for one to get used to another country’s habit.20. 【温习】free [形容词]空闲的free time;免费的the drink is for free;自由的I want to become a free bird.free【动词】使……解脱,获得自由He could not free his arm.21. run out用完,用尽When his water run out, he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life.物sth. tun out. 某物用尽了。sb. run out of物sth..人用尽了某物。He run out of all his money last night.22. risk (sb.) to do sth. 冒险去做某事take a risk=take risks 冒险23. the importance of (doing) sth.(做)某事的重要性We students should know the importance of (learning) English.importance n. 重要(性),important adj.重要的,unimportant adj.24. decision 【名词】决议;决议;make a decision to do sth.= decide to do sth 决议做某事25. be in the control of …掌管,治理The headmaster is in the control of this new school.be out of control无法控制,无法治理be under control被控制住,在控制之中26. 【温习】mind意为“介意”mind doing sth.介意做某事Would you mind my opening the window?27. give up (doing) sth. 放弃(做)某事give up (playing) computer games;give up后可接名词、代词和动词ing形式,也可不接,如 Never give up easily.二、重要短语1. have a cold2. have a stomachache3. see sb. do sth.4. shout for help5. expect (sb.) to do sth.6. to one’s surprise7. thanks to …8. think about…9. be interested in sth.10. lose one’s life11. save one’s life12. take a risk=take risks13. cut off14. keep on doing sth.三、重点语法:【反身代词】英语中共有八个反身代词,在使用时应注意和它所指的相应的工具在人称、性别、数上保持一致。


数 人称:第一人称/第二人称/第三人称单数:myself/yourself/himself herself itself复数:ourselves/yourselves/themselves反身代词的用法:1. 可用作宾语,指的是宾语和主语表现同一个或同一些的人或事物。如:Maria bought herself a scarf. We must look after ourselves very well.2. 可用作表语,指的是表语和主语表现同一个或同一些人或事物。

如: She isn’t quite herself today.3. 可用作主语或宾语的同位语,常用来增强语气。如:She herself will fly to London tomorrow. I met the writer himself last week.4. 用在某些牢固短语当中。如:look after oneself / take care of oneself 照顾自己teach oneself sth./ learn sth. by oneself自学enjoy oneself 玩得兴奋,过得愉快help oneself to sth 请自用……(随便吃/喝些……).hurt oneself 摔伤自己say to oneself自言自语leave sb. by oneself把某人单独留下buy oneself sth.给自己买……工具introduce oneself 先容……自己【提醒】1. 反身代词不能单独做主语,但可以做主语的同位语,起强调作用。如:我自己能完成作业。

(误)Myself can finish my homework.(正) I myself can finish my homework.I can finish my homework myself.2. 反身代词表现“某人自己”不能表现“某人的工具”,因为它没有所有格的形式。表达“某人自己的(工具)”时,须要用one’s own.如:我用我自己的蜡笔画画。(误)I’m drawing with myself crayons.(正) I’m drawing with my own crayons.【训练】1. My classmate, Li Ming, made a card for _________ just now.2. Bad luck! I cut _________ with a knife yesterday.3. They tell us they can look after_________ very well.4. My cat can find food by_________ .5. Help __________to some beef, boys.6. Jenny enjoyed_________ in the park yesterday afternoon.7. We can finish our homework by_________ .8. The blind girl lost_________ in the beautiful music.9. Xiao Hui, can you introduce _________ to us ?10. Bill wants to teach_________ French from now on.Unit 2 I’ll help to clean the city parks短语归纳1.clean up 扫除洁净2.cheer up (使)变得更兴奋;振奋起来3.give out 分发4. used to 曾经......;已往........5.give away 赠送;捐赠6.set up 建设;设立7.make a difference8.come up with 想出9.put off 推迟10.put up 张贴11.call up 打电话给12.help out 资助.....挣脱难题13.care for 照顾;照看14.give up 放弃15.try out for 到场选拔 16.come true 实现17.run out of 用光18.take after 与.....相像19.fix up 修理20.be similiar to 与......相似用法归纳1.need to do sth 需要做某事2.make plan to do sth 制定计划做某事3.ask sb (not ) to do sth 要求某人(不要)做某事4.used to do sth 已往经常做某事5.give up +时间+to do sth放弃时间做某事6.get a feeling of.....有......感受7.decide to do sth 决议做某事8.help sb (to)do sth 资助某人做某事9.make a difference to 对......发生影响10.make it possible for sb to do sth 使得做某事对某人来说是可能的重点句型:1. We need to come up with a plan to tell people about the city park clean-up.我们要相处一个计划来告诉人们关于这个都会公园清洁日的事。2.We can’t put off making a plan.我们不能推迟制定计划了3.We could put up signs. 我们可以张贴标志牌。

重点短语:动词+副词 短语:cheer up 使兴奋起来clean up 扫除洁净put up 张贴mix up 修理give away 赠送give out 分发give up 放弃use up用光get up 起床hand in 上 put off 推迟pick up 捡起think over 仔细思考turn down 关小音量set up 建设set off 出发look out 小心动词+介词 短语:look after 照顾belong to 属于take after 与....相像hear from 收到.....来信hear of 听说pay for 支付wait for 等候动词+副词+介词 短语:get out of 制止come up with 想出catch up with 追上遇上look forward to 期待盼愿go on with 继续动词+名词 短语:have a rest 休息一下take a walk 散步make mistakes 犯错have a try 试一下take place 发生 tell a lie 撒谎make a decision 做决议动词+名词+介词 短语:have a look at 看一看make a friend with 与.....交朋侪have a word with 与....攀谈have a drink of 喝一点pay attention to 注意make fun of 取笑Be+形容词+介词 短语:be late for 迟到be angry with 生气be fond of 喜欢be good at 擅长be good for 对...有利益be short of 缺乏 be similiar to 与......相似be strict with 对......严格要求be pound of 自满 自豪语法点:动词不定式归纳只跟动词不定式做宾语的动词刻意学会有希望( decide,learn,wish,hope)同意计划莫冒充(agree,plan,pretend)忘记拒绝会失望(forget,refuse,fail)准备设法来帮助(prepare,try,manage,help)提供请求肩负起(offer,beg,afford)记得阻止理应当(remember stop,be supposed)Exercise:1.-Tom failed the exam again-Sorry to hear that. We should do something to .A. cheer him up B.cheer on him C.cheer him on D.cheer uo him2.The boys volunteer three hours up the park near their school.A. cleaning B. to clean C. cleaned D. with cleaning3.The woman in red a teacher.She works in a hospital now.A. used to be B. is used to be C.was used to be D.is4.The old man lives ,but he doesn’t feel .A. alone;aloneB.lonely;lonelyC.lonely;aloneD. alone;lonely5.Tina, I have something important you.A.telling B.tells C.tell D.to tell6.--The old man all his money to a charity.A.took away B.put away C.went away D.gave away7.We all feel after hear of the news.A.excited;excitingB.exciting;excitingC.excited;excitingD.exciting;excitedUnit3 Could you please clean your room?短语归纳1.do the dishes 洗餐具2.take out the trash 倒垃圾3.go out 外出4.stay out 呆在外面;不在家5.help out 资助做完某事6.at least 至少7.throw down扔下8.all the time 一直;重复9.in surprise 惊讶地10.as soon as 一......就......11.spend......on......在......花费(时间、款项、精神)12. in order to 为了13.provide sth for sb 向某人提供某物14.depend on 依赖;信赖15.look after 照顾;照看16.keep it clean and tidy 保持洁净整洁17.get into 进入18.take care of 照顾19.as a result 效果用法归纳1.finish doing sth 做完某事2.want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事3.try (not) to do sth 努力(不)做某事4.let sb do sth 让某人做某事5.spend......(in) doing sth 花费......做某事6.mind doing sth 介意做某事7.learn to do sth 学习做某事8.learn how to do sth 学习怎样做某事9.The +比力级,the+比力级 越......,就越.....语法点情态动词could 的用法表现请求与准许,could 委婉有礼貌;表现能力会不会,could只把已往表表现怀疑不相信,could缓和情绪弱推测可能用could, 虚拟语气也常用Unit 4 why don’t you talk to your parents?短语归纳1.too much太多(修饰不行数名词)2.hang out 闲逛3.too many 太多(修饰可数名词复数)4.get into a fight 争吵5.call sb up 给某人打电话6.talk about 谈论7.look through 浏览8.give back 送还9.be angry with sb 生某人的气10.a big deal 重要的事情11.work out 解决;算出12.get on with sb 与某人和气相处13.communicate with sb 与某人交流14.be worried about 担忧.....15.be afraid of 畏惧.....16.in front of在...前面17.not... any more 不再...18.so much/many 那么多19.compete with sb 与某人竞争20.cut out删除;删去21.all kinds of 种种各样22.compare....with.....比力;对比23.in one’s opinion 依...看24.turn down 调小用法归纳1.allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事2.why don’t you do sth?为什么不做某事呢?3.why not do sth ?为什么不做某事呢?4.find sb doing sth 发现某人在做某事5.tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事6.refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事7.let sb do sth 让某人做某事8.offer to do sth 主动提供做某事9.not....until....直到....才...10.it’s time to do sth 该做某事了11.it +adj+to do sth 做某事是.....的12.keep on doing sth 继续做某事13.what do you think of...?你认为....怎么样?语法点1.Why don’t you+V.......?等提出建议的句型及常用的答语2.连词until,so that 以及although 引导的状语从句Unit5 what were you doing when the rainstorm came?短语归纳1.wait for 等候 2.look for 寻找3.go off (闹铃)发作声音4.take a shower 洗澡5.pick up 接电话;捡起6.make sure 确信;务必7.have fun 玩的开心8.fall asleep入睡;睡觉9.die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐消失10.wake up 醒来;叫醒11.in a mess 七零八落 !12.in time of difficulty 在难题时期13.take photos 照相!14.turn on 打开15.make one’s way 行走;前行16.in silence 缄默沉静地;无声地17.take down摧毁;拆卸;记下 !18.tell the truth 说实话19.point out 指出20.go away 消失21.as well 也21.call out 喊出用法归纳1.be busy doing sth/be busy with sth 忙于(做)某事2.see sb /sth doing sth 瞥见某人或某物正在做某事3.begin/start to do sth 开始做某事4.try to do sth 努力去做某事5.have trouble(in)doing sth做某事又难题语法点已往举行时:已往举行最好记,was/were+doing特定时间有表示,已往某刻某时段肯定主语在句首,一般问句Be提前否认句式更简朴,Be后只把not添Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains短语归纳1.work on 从事2.as soon as 一.......就......3.take...away 拿走,带走4.a good way to do sth 做某事的好方法5.a little bit 一点儿6.once upon a time 从前7.at other times 平时;有时8.turn...into..酿成9.come out泛起,出书,效果是10.get married 完婚11.fall in love with sb 爱上某人12.open up打开13.be born 出生14.think of ways 想出方法15.all over the world全世界16.make a plan to do sth 制定计划做某事17.along the way 沿路18.be lost 迷路19.find out 找出20.learn about 相识用法归纳1.try to do sth 设法做某事2.finish doing sth 完成做某事3.continue to do sth 继续做某事4.make sb do sth 让某人做某事5.keep doing sth 一直做某事6.instead of doing sth 取代做某事7.be able to sth 能够做某事8.It takes/took.....to do sth 花费...做某事9.have no time to do sth 没有时间做某事10.become interested in doing sth 对做某事感兴趣11.can’t stop doing sth 禁不住做某事12.hear sb doing sth 听到某人正在做某事13.lead sb to somewhere 引导某人到某处14.leave sth at/in somewhere 把某物遗忘在某地15.show sb sth 向某人展示某物语法点1.unless引导的条件状语从句2.so...that...引导的效果状语从句3.as soon as 引导的时间状语从句Unit7 what’s the highest mountain in the world?短语归纳1.take in 吸入;吞入2.in the face of 面临(问题;难题)3.at birth 出生时4.as you can see 正如你所看到的5.as far as I know 据我所知6.up to 直到7.prepare ...for...为...准备...8.fall over 摔倒9.die from 死于......10.cut down 砍到11.take care of 照顾;照看12.or so 约莫;左右13.in danger 处于危险之中用法归纳1.any other+名次单数 其他任何一个......2.feel free to ask sb sth on ...... 就...随意问某人某事3.one of the +形容词最高级+可数名词复数 最....的....之一4.what’s the+形容词最高级+名词in the world?世界上最....的....是什么?5.protect....from/against....掩护....使不受;防御6.succeed in doing sth 乐成做成某事7.teach sb about sth 教某人有关.....内容8.send sb to do sth 派某人去做某事9.There be sb/sth doing.....有某人/物正在做某事语法点1.数词 hundred,thousand,million,billion 的用法2.形容词和副词的比力级和最高级用法比力级变化规则比力品级要变化,一般词尾加-er词尾若有哑音e,直接加r就可以一辅重读闭音节,辅音字母要双写辅音字母加y末端,要把y改i加erUnit8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?短语归纳1.be full of 充满2.grow up 长大3.put...down...4.at least 至少5.hurry up赶忙6.bring back to sw 带回到某地7.not long after that 之后不久8.more than 超出9.in the middle of 在....中间10.fight over 与....争吵;争斗11.think about 思量12.come to realize 逐渐意识到13.ever since then 从那时起14.a kind of 一种15.such as 例如16.belong to 属于17.find out 找出;查出18.at the end of the day 在一天竣事的时候19.be famous for 因为...而着名20.the mark of.... .....的印痕21.leave behind 遗忘;留下22.full of feeling 充满情感23.the importance of money and success 款项和乐成的重要性用法归纳1.finish doing sth 完成做某事2.arrive at/in sw 到达某地3.learn to do sth 学习做某事4.see sb doing sth 看到某人正在做某事5.name sb sth 给某人取名为.......6.teach sb sth 教某人某事7.use sth to do 用某物做某事8.love to do/doing sth 喜欢做某事9.can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待做某事10.be kind to sb 对某人友好11.hope to do sth 希望做某事12.have time to do sth 有时间做某事13.have nothing to do 没什么事情可做Unit9 Have you ever been to a museum?短语归纳1.have a great time 玩的开心2.put up 搭建;支起3.in such a rapid way 用如此快速的方式4.be able to do sth 能够做某事5.a couple of 少数;几个6.take a ride 兜风7.on the other hand 一方面8.more than多于;凌驾9.three quarters 四分之三10.whether...or... 不管...还是...11.wake up 醒来12.all year round 一年到头,终年13.close to 靠进用法归纳1.a great way to do sth 一个做某事的好方法2.watch sb to do sth 寓目某人做了某事3.It’s un believable that....很难相信......4.encourage sb to do sth 勉励某人做某事5. have problem (in)doing sth 做某事很费劲6.As...as.. 和...一样7.the best time to do sth 做某事的最佳时间8.choose to do sth 选择做某事9.tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事语法点现在完成时区分:have been to 和have gone to相关阅读方法前后意义照应法Unit10 I’v had this bike for three years短语归纳1.haw long 多长,多长时间2.have a yard sale 举行庭院拍卖会3.give away 捐赠;赠送4.not.....anymore 不再....5.welcome to ...接待到....6.check out 察看;视察7.clear out 收拾,整理8.at first 起初9.no longer 不再;不复10.as for ...至于.....11.a train and railway set 一套轨道火车12.to be honest 说实在的13.search for 寻找14.across from 在.....劈面15.according to依据;根据16.In one’s opinion 依...看17.in order to 为了用法归纳1.It’s+adj(+for sb)+to do sth (对某人来说)做某事是......2.decide to do sth 决议做某事3.have been in+所在 在某处待了多久5.hope to do sth 希望做某事7.one of+the +形容词最高级+可数名词复数+V单数 最....的...之一是....8.used to do sth 已往经常做某事9.need to do sth 需要做某事重点语法现在完成时1.since 和for 引导状语的区别2.延续性动词和瞬间动词瞬间动词转为为延续动词表Borrow-keepbuy-havecatch a cold-have a coldput on-wearget to know-knowGet to sleep-sleepbegin/start-be ongo out-be outget to /arrive/reach-be(in)Die-be deadopen-be openleave-be awayfinish-be over fall ill-be illJoin-be in/be a member offall asleep-be asleepmake fridends-be friendsCome/go-be+相应的介词close-be closego to bed-be in bedget up-be up。



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